The different types of employment
The choice of the appropriate working- and working model makes a decisive contribution to the success of the compatibility of family and career also. The range of flexible family-friendly arrangements is large. Here we explain ten current models and tell you, what their characteristics are.
High individual performance
The shortening of the daily work increases productivity.
Operating times will be used variably. Order fluctuations can be compensated.
Personal needs, as work-life balance, will be considered. Then coordinated working hours increase operational churn and cut absenteeism
In the traditional part-time working hours falls in principle from shorter. Benefit: They can be arranged flexibly, whether in the form of fixed working hours or - depending on the workload - in the form of flexible working hours. In this model, for example, a weekly minimum number of hours is denied. It is equally possible, to reduce the number of working days, full-time work on the presence days but. A distinction between full-time and full-time Middle further part-time work (from a weekly average working time of 30 Hours). Ultimately, the agreement with the employer for the design of the part-time is crucial. Detriment of part-time work: By shortening the working time is less worthy.
Part time jobs for full-time mums
Because even professional work and recognition is important and a lot of women have to pursue a job for financial reasons, are there part-time jobs where family responsibilities and work coordinated.
Einfache Gleitzeit, the original form of flexible working time models, allows workers, To select the start and end of the daily working free. With qualified flextime employee may also decide on the duration of the working day. Mostly the flexitime is wrapped around a core time. The advantage of this model is the larger temporal self-determination, which is, however, dependent on the core working hours. Specific disadvantages of this model does not exist.
Telecommuting / Home Office
The employee can work through the modern information technologies partly or entirely at home. The advantage is the large spatial self-determination. Though: To work without colleagues and office atmosphere, is not any.
Working time accounts
Working time accounts are the basis for credit transfer and management of the work done by the employees working hours. As can be collected and how many hours and decomposed, is determined by the accompanying working time model. There are annual working time accounts, Long working time accounts and working-life accounts. When applied in the short duration of working time accounts for hours sabbaticals or breaks Children can not be accumulated. Working time accounts can thus depending upon consultation with the superiors more or less be flexible. The possibility of on- and reduction of working time is always closely linked to the respective workload. Also in this model there is no concrete ago- and disadvantages. Basic rule: The longer the maturity, the greater the flexibility.
Life Work Account / Long-term work account
The model is the most long-term variety of working time accounts. The Company determines a total working life, the workers' duty performed flexibly. The model gives a lot of freedom and requires an autonomous time management. It just allows parents a sliding entry phase to work after family breaks.
The modular model is a combination of different working time models in a company. It is therefore basically not have their own working time concept and therefore clarifies, that there can not be the only valid approach to a company.
Night / shift work
While shift work depending on the layer rhythm of operation at different times fails, is the night work the working time of 23 Clock up 6 Clock in the morning. If an employee works at least two hours in this time window, applies all his work as night work. A disadvantage: The night work is having a family life often not so easy to agree. It therefore needs to be well organized.
The designated as a sabbatical year in the German scheme is a working time model, which is particularly interesting for young parents. Depending on length of service and agreement, it can mean a real break or a year a year of part-time. In the latter, the re-entry may turn cumbersome and their careers. advantages: During the sabbatical year of salary continues to be paid depending on the scheme, and also the right to paid leave remains.
The working model of job-sharing are many freedoms, but also requires a lot of consultation with the respective counterparts, with whom one shares the job. In addition to the job-sharing of two colleagues there is also the "job splitting”, in which a work is divided among several workers.
A low-paid employment is available, if the work Entgeld regularly 400 Euro does not exceed a month. The low income can satisfy and a mini job offers the opportunity anyway, to find their careers, for example, after a parental leave back. In a short-term Minijob employment to less than two months, or a total of is 50 Limited working days in a calendar year. The amount of merit is irrelevant.
A Frequency employment is an employment relationship, in which two employees share one full-time job. The Cycle (4 – 6 Weeks) is a fixed period in which there is a regular exchange.
As seasonal labor intensive work is called, which arises at a certain time of the year, as the harvest in agrarian industries. There as well as in tourism, this results in temporary periods to work peaks and increased labor demand.
In the self-directed employment is an Employment exerted professionally and employees can determine their own hours or according to the needs of the family largely self.
It is an offer for people, which would be overwhelmed in consequence of their family structure with the inclusion of a regular employment. Single parents, Mothers or fathers on parental leave or early retirement / retiree, thereby have the opportunity, as part of a minor / part-time employment, take a largely self certain employment. Furthermore, this type of employment suitable for professionals, who want to work under a minor job in addition.